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Vision & Learning References

1. Vidyasagar, T. R., & Pammer, K. Dyslexia: a deficit in visuo-spatial attention, not in phonological processing. Trends In Cognitive Sciences 2010;14(2):57-63.

2. Kubova, Z., Kuba, M et al.. Comparison of visual information processing in school-age dyslexics and normal readers via motion-onset visual evoked potentials. Vision Research 2015; 111(Pt A), 97-104.

3. Stein, J.  Dyslexia: the Role of Vision and Visual Attention. Current Developmental Disorders Reports 2014; 1(4), 267-280.


4. Richlan F et al. Developmental dyslexia: dysfunction of a left hemisphere reading network. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 201;.1

5. Goldstand, S., Koslowe, K.C et al.  Vision, visual-information processing, and academic performance among seventh-grade schoolchildren: a more significant relationship than we thought? American Journal of Occupational Therapy 2005:(4), 377. 

6. Kevan, A., & Pammer, K. (2009). Predicting early reading skills from pre-reading measures of dorsal stream functioning. Neuropsychologia 2009 ;47 : 3174-3181.

7. Kevan, A., & Pammer, K. (2008). Visual deficits in pre-readers at familial risk for dyslexia. Vision Research 2008;48:2835-2839.

8. Facoetti, A., et al. The relationship between visuo-spatial attention and nonword reading in developmental dyslexia. Cognitive Neuropsychology 2006;23(6) :841-855.

9. Franceschini, al. Report: A Causal Link between Visual Spatial Attention and Reading Acquisition. Current Biology 2012. 22, 814-819.

10. Kibby, M. Y et al. Visual processing in reading disorders and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and its contribution to basic reading ability. Frontiers in Psychology 2012; 6: 1635-1635.

11. Weiler, M. al. Information processing deficits in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, inattentive type, and children with reading disability. J Learning Disabilities 2002, 35(5), 448-461

12. Germano GD et al. The phonological and visual basis of developmental dyslexia in Brazilian Portuguese reading children. Frontiers of  Psychology 2014, 5, 1169.

13. Hopkins, S., Sampson, G. P., Hendicott, P. L., & Wood, J. M.  Vision Problems and Reduced Reading Outcomes in Queensland Schoolchildren. Optometry and Vision Science 2017; 94(3), 345-352.

14. Lawton, T.  Improving Dorsal Stream Function in Dyslexics by Training Figure/Ground Motion Discrimination Improves Attention, Reading Fluency, and Working Memory. Frontiers Human Neuroscience 2016; 10: 397.

15. Barton RA. Binocularity and brain evolution in primates. Proceed Nat Acad Sci USA. 2004;101(27):10113-16.


16. Bin Zhang, Hua Bi, Eiichi Sakai*, Ichiro Maruko*, Jianghe Zheng, Earl L. Smith III, and Yuzo M. Chino. Rapid plasticity of binocular connections in developing monkey visual cortex (V1). PNAS 2005;102;9026-9031;


17.Bompas A, O'Regan JK. Evidence for a role of action in colour perception. Perception. 2006;35(1):65-78

Bonifacci P. Children with low motor ability have lower visual-motor integration ability but unaffected perceptual skills. Hum Mov Sci 2004 Sep;23(2):157-68.


18. Eden GF, Stein JF, Wood HM, Wood, FB. Differences in eye movement and reading problems in dyslexic and normal children. Vision Research 34 (10): 1345-1358, 1994.


19. Eden G, Stein J, Wood M, Wood F. Verbal and visual problems in reading disability. Journal of Learning Disabilities 28 (5): 272-290. 1995.


20. Grisham D, Sheppard M, Tran W. Visual symptoms and reading performance. Optometry and Vision Science 70 (5): 384-391, 1993.


21. Simons H, Grisham, J.D. Binocular anomalies and reading problems. Journal of the American Optometric Association. 58 (7): 578-587, 1987.


22. Taylor Kulp M, Schmidt P. Effect of oculomotor and other visual skills on reading performance: A literature review. Optometry and Vision Science 73 (4): 283-292, 1996.


23. Dusek W, Pierscionek BK, McClelland JF. A survey of visual function in an Austrian population of school-age children with reading and writing difficulties.  BMC Ophthalmol. 2010 May 25;10:16. doi: 10.1186/1471-2415-10-16


24. Germano GD et al. The phonological and visual basis of developmental dyslexia in Brazilian Portuguese reading children. Frontiers of  Psychology 2014, 5, 1169.


25. Alexandra L. Creavin, Raghu Lingam, Colin Steer, Cathy Williams. Ophthalmic Abnormalities and Reading Impairment. Pediatrics, May 2015


26. Feizabadi M, Jafarzadehpur E, Akrami M. Accommodation, Convergence, and Stereopsis in Dyslexic Schoolchildren. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):14-18. doi: 10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_71_17.


27. Raghuram A, Gowrisankaran S, Swanson E,; et al. Frequency of Visual Deficits in Children With Developmental Dyslexia.  July 19, 2018. JAMA Ophthalmol. Published online July 19, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.2797


28. Fischer, Hartnegg, Klaus. Effects of visual training on saccade control in dyslexia. Perception 29: 531-542, 2000.


29. Harris P. Learning-related visual problems in Baltimore City: A Long-Term Program. Journal of Optometric Vision Development 33 (2): 75-115, 2002.


30. Ramsay MW, Davidson C, Ljungblad M, Tjärnberg M, Brautaset R, Nilsson M. Can vergence training improve reading in dyslexics? Strabismus. 2014 Dec;22(4):147-51. doi: 10.3109/09273972.2014.971823. Epub 2014 Oct 21.

31. Motsch S1, Mühlendyck H. Differentiation between dyslexia and ocular causes of reading disorders Ophthalmologe. 2001 Jul;98(7):660-4.


32. Badami R, Mahmoudi S, Baluch B.J. Dec. Effect of sports vision exercise on visual perception and reading performance in 7- to 10-year-old developmental dyslexic children. Exerc Rehabil. 2016 Dec 31;12(6):604-609. doi: 10.12965/jer.1632728.364. eCollection 2016

Haddad HM, Isaacs NS, Onghena K, Mazor A. The use of orthoptics in dyslexia. J Learn Disabil. 1984 Mar;17(3):142-4. PMID: 6715993 DOI: 10.1177/002221948401700303

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